MALARIA UPDATE : SEPTEMBER 2019

The traditional malaria season in southern Africa is from Sept to May, but cases occur throughout the year. The seasonal

EBOLA UPDATE: 1 AUGUST 2019

The risk for introduction of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) related to the current outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

EBOLA CONSIDERED LOW RISK TO SOUTH AFRICA

The risk of spread of Ebola to South Africa remains low according to risk assessments conducted by the Department of Health.

INFLUENZA SEASON DECLINING

The 2019 South African influenza season, which started towards the end of April, has started to decline.

UPDATE ON THE INFLUENZA SEASON: JUNE 2019

As is expected during the influenza season, there has been a marked increase in cases of influenza in the community as well as people seeking care for influenza-like illness at health care facilities.

Confirmed case of Ebola Virus Disease in Uganda and implications for South Africa

13 June, 2019 The Ugandan Ministry of Health (UMoH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have confirmed a case.

No Influenza outbreak in South Africa

The 2019 South African influenza season, which started towards the end of April, is ongoing. Transmission of influenza has reached

Influenza season 2019: Not too late to vaccinate

The 2019 South African influenza season, which started towards the end of April, is ongoing. Transmission of influenza has reached

Anthrax outbreak in Lesotho and measures to prevent human exposure in South Africa

Since 12th May 2019, three anthrax outbreaks have been reported in the Maseru district of Lesotho. Twenty-four cattle have died

Influenza season has started

The 2019 influenza season has started. Every year during winter months, May to August, South Africa experiences an increase in

Third Case of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever confirmed

A case of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was confirmed in a 54-year-old man from the Ventersdorp surrounds, North West province

South African Field Epidemiology Training Programme: Call for applicants – 2020 intake

The South African Field Epidemiology Training Programme (SAFETP) is requesting applications for the incoming 2020 class from qualified health professionals

Malaria

Causes of Malaria Malaria diagnosis Risk Factors Misconceptions Malaria Medication Side Effects Travelling

World Malaria Day

World Malaria Day takes place on 25 April each year. It is an internationally recognised day, highlighting the global efforts

Influenza season notice

Although the 2019 influenza season has not yet started, there has been an increase in the detection of influenza in

How higher temperatures and pollution are affecting mosquitoes

Three species of immature mosquito: the common house mosquito, and the malaria vectors An. arabiensis and An. funestus.Supplied Shüné

The DRC’s Ebola outbreak has all the makings of a humanitarian crisis

West Africa experienced the worst Ebola outbreak between 2013 and 2016.Ahmed Jallanzo/EPA Jacqueline Weyer, National Institute for Communicable Diseases

TB doesn’t only attack the lungs — other organs are also vulnerable

X-rays, CT scans or MRIs may be necessary to detect TB in organs other than the lungs.

World TB Day 2019

The World Health Organisation estimates that 124,000 people died of TB in South Africa in 2016 (about 330 daily).

Flu season is around the corner…

Sr JM McAnerney, Dr S Walaza, Dr C Cohen Centre for Respiratory Diseases and Meningitis National Institute for Communicable Diseases

Preventing sexually transmitted infections: why South Africa isn’t winning

Tendesayi Kufa-Chakezha, National Institute for Communicable Diseases Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a serious public health issue. It’s estimated that

Surviving Polio Documentary

Surviving Polio is a documentary film about the success story of Polio survivors from South Africa and the leaps that

Addendum to the South African Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Malaria updated 2018

Although mefloquine is given as an option for chemoprophylaxis, there are currently no mefloquine-containing products available in South Africa

Ebola vaccine is key in ongoing efforts to contain the DRC outbreak

A health worker prepares to administer the experimental Ebola vaccine in north-western DRC. EPA-EFE/STR Jacqueline Weyer, National Institute for Communicable

Cholera Alert for Health Care Workers

The World Health Organization has confirmed an outbreak of cholera in Beira, the city hardest hit by Cyclone Idai, in Mozambique. As of 1 April, a total of 1 052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected since >128 000 people are living in temporary shelters with unsafe water supply and poor sanitation and are at high risk of infection. An oral cholera vaccination campaign will start this week.

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Case Confirmed

A case of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) was confirmed in a 58 year old man from Kimberley, Northern Cape province. The man was bitten by a number of ticks, presumably around the Koopmansfontein area, a day before falling ill. The patient was admitted to the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Hospital and being treated in isolation. The diagnosis was confirmed by laboratory testing at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases.

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak Outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo

The second largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak recorded to date, is being reported from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The country was affected by EVD earlier in 2018, when 54 cases of EVD with 33 deaths were reported from the Équateur Province, located towards the western border of the country. Shortly after the end of this outbreak was announced

Malaria Alert for Travellers During April Holiday Season

As we approach the holiday season, many will be travelling to malaria-endemic areas within South Africa and to neighbouring malaria-endemic countries. The map (below) indicates the three malaria-endemic provinces (northeastern Limpopo, eastern Mpumalanga, and northern KwaZulu-Natal) in South Africa.

An Increase in the Number of Enteroviral Meningitis Cases

An increase in the number of enteroviral meningitis cases has been reported from the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces since November 2018. All reported cases have resolved spontaneously and there have been no deaths. Enteroviral meningitis is a mild form of meningitis due to an enterovirus infections which include echo- and coxsackie viruses. Enteroviral meningitis is unrelated to serious meningitis infections caused by bacterial organisms.

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo

The second largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak recorded to date, is being reported from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The country was affected by EVD earlier in 2018, when 54 cases of EVD with 33 deaths were reported from the Équateur Province, located towards the western border of the country. Shortly after the end of this outbreak was reported

Alert for returning travellers

The end of year festive season is a popular time for many people to travel, visiting friends and family. Health care providers and travellers returning from within the southern Africa region and further afield should be aware of the infectious disease risks related to travel.

Seasonal malaria increase in progress

Malaria cases in South Africa are increasing as expected during the summer months. As at the end of October 2018, more than 16 000 cases with 110 deaths have been reported. This is fewer than during the large upsurge in malaria seen in the 2017- 2018 season

Cholera preparedness for South African travellers and healthcare workers

The most recent bulletin posted by the World Health Organization’s African regional office reports ongoing cholera outbreaks in seven African countries, including Zimbabwe, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Statement on Salmonella cases in KwaZulu-Natal Province

During October and November 2018, certain private sector laboratories have reported an increase in Salmonella cases in KwaZulu-Natal Province. Salmonella was also the most likely cause of two recent foodborne disease outbreaks reported from eThekwini Municipality. Salmonella bacteria normally live in the guts of animals, including chicken, cattle, pigs and reptiles. People can become infected with Salmonella through eating contaminated food products such as meat, chicken, dairy and eggs.